CAREER ORIENTATION LANGUAGE-LEARNING
In their study of foreign language learners, Oxford and Nyikos (1987) discovered that students’ university major directly affected strategy use. Humanities/social science/ education majors used two different categories of strategies independent strategies and functional practice (authentic language use)significantly more often than did students majoring in other areas.
Ehrman in Oxford (1990) found that current career position influenced foreign language- learning strategy choice. Professional linguist used a wider variety of strategies than did adult language learners and native-speaking language teachers not trained in linguistics. Specifically, professional linguist used significantly more of the following general categories of strategies: functional practice (authentic language use), searching for communicating meaning, formal model-building, and affective strategies. Reid (1985) found that ESL students’ field of specialization, influenced learning modality preference (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, tactile), which are probably related to choice of language-learning strategies.