In the first chapter , ” psychologism ” Resnik discusses Frege ‘s objections to the psychological approach to the logic and philosophy of mathematics . It unravels four ” themes ” independent as he calls them , that Frege criticized , and considers a version of every major philosopher . So we get a compact but lucid Locke ‘s theory of the ideal meaning and number processing in connection with Frege ‘s objections to the attempted replacement of abstract mental entities . Such sub – Constitution makes communication impossible , Frege thought . Research Resnik Locke is generally friendly, he regularly explores alternatives to philosophers whose views are contrary to those of Frege . Unlike Locke , Husserl took the opportunity to criticize Frege , and in his Philosopliie of Arithmetik ( translated passages that seem like here) . In his review of the book , Frege strongly opposed to another psycho – logistics Husserl theme preference to the development of mathematical concepts and logical about the kind of reductive definitions that describe Frege employees . Although the approach of Frege has been shown to be more successful Husserl can be considered to have made ??a number of difficult questions for interpreted as rules for rewriting a symbol for half a century later, Haskell Curry a variety of formalism that avoids these objections Frege developed . In light of the Curry mathematics is the science of formal systems , and basic mathematical statements are statements like ” ‘2 + 2 = 4 ” is a theorem of Peano arithmetic “instead of ‘2 + 2 = 4 . ” Unfortunately , says Resnik , this is often mathematical metamathematics , and makes statements that nonconstructively simple heuristics are revealed. But a useful and concise overview of the finitism Hilbert Resnik argues that despite the fact that finitism prior to the notification of curry , is more complex and does not suffer from these shortcomings .
Before turning to finitism however Hilbert flirted with deductive method ( that a statement S of a mathematical theory T is considered implicit in the S – shape is deductible Ax ( t ) ‘, where Ax (t ) “is a characterization of the axioms of T ) This is what emerges from the debate Frege – . Hilbert Resnik examines explain He discusses Frege and Hilbert differences relating to the proof of the consistency and the axiomatic method ( its function , the status of axioms ol definitions ) and different . types of deductive method that arise during their debate . Though they made ??, nor Frege and Hilbert deductive finalized . But Hilary Putnam did, at one point, and Resnik examines his defense. He concludes the chapter with advancing considerations telling in particular, and positions at Putnam General deductive method. Mill’s empiricism , the subject of chapter four , has proved less attractive to contemporary philosophers as a deductive method. This is the assertion that the axioms of arithmetic consists of real inductive generalizations from one observation to the ‘ stones and ginger “as Frege said. Resnik a critical presentation of the views of Mill , Frege and criticism ( which is generally considered devastating ) , but believes that the interpretation of the axioms of Peano count and analysis that are not purely physicalist are not , after all, possible . Though its proposed interpretation may be a bit “forced ” , he admits , it is refreshing to empirical philosophies of mathematics taken seriously see to epistemology more manageable they offer. The fair Resnik most clearly in the last chapter , the positive contribution of Frege ‘s philosophy of mathematics . Resnik argues convincingly that the design of Shiga Frege as an idealistic goal is the Grundlagen Frege , but realistic design Dummett is more suitable for Frege later . Kantian epistemology Frege was a modified one. Although he claimed that arithmetic is analytic because to bring ‘logic’ back set theory , he concluded that the geometry is synthetic . But why he thought , because the geometry is traceable to ask? For the theory Pursuing a reaction Resnik takes the reader on an enlightening journey through the labyrinth of thinking about Frege axioms , definitions and deductions . In explaining the philosophical and technical basis of the analysis of the number of Frege , Resnik provides ways of determining the number of Frege rejected . Also very interesting is his insightful demonstration of the incompatibility of the repaired Frege system . Other critics of Frege be brought up to the minute , Resnik suggests that the reaction of Mark Steiner’s objection Poincare logicism Frege will not help , and escaped from Frege argument Benacerrafs but not quite . As you might guess , the book covers a lot of ground . A wealth of argument was condensed into 234 pages. Consequences of such condensation is that the subtlety of an argument is often overlooked or ignored , and that the reader will sometimes gasping for more information , or scrambling to justify conclusions or to the structure of an explicit argument . But as the book advances our understanding of Anil Frege ‘s philosophy of mathematics , is the effort of the industry is very necessary to read ii .