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TONGA ISLAND TOURIST DESTINATION

Tonga Island is one of the five largest islands in Abel Tasman National Park, located northwest of Nelson. New Zealand fur seals have been breeding on Tonga Island since approximately 1988. The island is a popular site for viewing seals by kayak and boat. The entire park attracts around 180,000 people annually, many of whom

KAIKOURA – POPULAR TOURIST DESTINATION

Currently there are five permitted tour operators that specifically target fur seal colonies along the Kaikoura coast. There are also three tour operators who primarily target cetaceans for viewing, however they often take tourists to view seals if their primary targets, sperm whales and dusky dolphins, are not found. Helicopter and aeroplane viewing do not

PREVIOUS TOURISM IMPACT STUDIES

Of the studies focusing on the impacts of tourism on specific animals, even fewer have focused on marine animals. Much of the recent work investigating the impacts of tourism on marine species has focused on cetaceans and sea birds. Many studies of seal behaviour have commented on the responses of seals to humans but very

BIOLOGICAL CONCERNS ABOUT THE IMPACT OF TOURISM ON FUR SEALS

Tourist disturbance can potentially impact the target species on both short and longterm scales. Short-term changes are immediate and often easily observable behavioural responses, however, these short-term changes may actually lead to long term changes that are more subtle but may impact negatively on the biology of the animal in question. New Zealand :fur seals

CONSERVATION NEW ZEALAND FUR SEALS

There is concern from the Department of Conservation that tourism may be adversely impacting individual seals and particularly seal breeding colonies. There is also some concern that tourists are risking their own safety with inappropriate behaviour around seals. The current regulations governing people’s behaviour around fur seals do not appear to be working. Tourists have

WILDLIFE ECO-TOURISM IN NEW ZEALAND

Tourism is a major world industry with 449 million international travellers world wide in 1991, and generating approximately US$ 62.5 billion in developing countries alone. A sub-set of tourism known as eco-tourism. Scace (1993) defined eco-tourism as a subset of nature tourism in which conservationist and tourist interests work together to preserve environmental quality while

NEW ZEALAND FUR SEALS

Fur seals were hunted for their fur extensively from 1792 until populations began to collapse in 1815. By then fur seals had been exterminated from the Antipodes Islands and other locations. Fur seals have since been fully protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1978. As a result, fur seals have begun to recolonise

TOURISM ON NEW ZEALAND

A control site, Whakamoa, on the Banks Peninsula, which receives no tourist traffic, was used to compare responses of seals to various approach types. Behaviour was observed using focal animal and instantaneous scan sampling (Altmann, 1974), while attributes of tourist approaches were tested experimentally via controlled approaches. Approaches were broken into land, kayak and boat

Review About Cyber War

The analysis of cyber-warfare – along with online privacy issues and artificial intelligence, to name but two other examples – is a domain of cyber ethics. It is, generally speaking, the Internet-based sabotaging of a nation’s computer networks. Use of the term “cyberwar” is controversial, since some researchers argue that the analogy of war inappropriately\

KNOW ABOUT JAMES BOHMAN

James Bohman’s contribution to worldwide justice debates consists in a very remarkable reinterpretation of Kant’s thought of a federal republic connected with humanity. This reinterpretation not simply strongly emphasizes the neo-Roman ideal of freedom from domination beneath rule of law. Additionally, it stresses the capacities connected with republican citizens to condition their ongoing terms connected

YOUR GLOBAL INJUSTICE OF BIOPIRACY

The collection and use of the biological knowledge of an particular community by experts from outside that community is a contentious issue. The search for such traditional knowledge which has a view to developing professional products is commonly known as “bioprospecting. ” Subsequent analysis on the information that is obtained through bioprospecting activities is named

SIGNIFICANCE OF BIODIVERSITY DECLINE

Biodiversity refers to some of the several measures of the particular global or local range of life, and is very important in identifying and addressing environmental change. As these kinds of, biodiversity is often used just as one approximation of an ecosystem’s wellness. Biodiversity varies widely among regions and countries, and is also closely tied
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